This chapter presents a quick introduction to Microsoft Windows. Although you won’t learn everything there is to know about Windows here, you will learn the essentials that you need for using 1-2-3 for Windows. If you already have some experience using Windows, you can probably skip this chapter.
In this chapter, I assume you’re using Windows version 3.1. If you’re using Windows 3.0, the skills you’ll learn here still apply, but the screens will look somewhat different in your monitor than they do in the illustrations in this chapter.
If you’re using Windows 3.0, though, I recommend that you upgrade to version 3.1 right away. It’s an improved product that’s faster and more reliable, and it also offers more features.
An introduction to Windows:-
Simply put, Microsoft Windows is an operating system that improves upon DOS by providing features such as multitasking, a standard graphical user interface, an improved facility for managing files and directories, and improved memory management.
From a purely technical standpoint, though, Windows isn’t a complete operating system because it still requires that DOS be installed on your PC. However, once you start Windows, it replaces DOS as your PC’s operating system.
As a result, you can use Windows to start your application programs, to manage directories and files, and so on.
How to start Windows:-
On many PCs, the command that starts WindowS is already in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file so Windows starts automatically when you turn your PC on. If Windows doesn’t start this way, you can start it from the command prompt by entering this command.
Win. Although you can specify some options when you use the win command, it’s unlikely that you’ll need to. That’s because Windows inspects the configuration of your PC and sets the appropriate defaults as it starts up. As Windows starts, it displays a logo screen.
After a moment, the logo disappears and a blank screen appears with an hourglass on it. The hourglass means that you should wait for the start-up process to finish before you try to do anything. During start-up.
Windows always start at least one program called ane shell program. On almost all Windows systems, this shell program is the Program Manager.
Its opening display is shown in You can use this program to start application programs like 1-2-3 for Windows or WordPerfect for Windows.
When you start Windows for the first time after it has been installed, the starting display looks like the one in figure 1-1. After that, though, the starting display will some systems,
For example, the starting Windows display looks the way you left it at the end of your last work session. In addition, you can customize Windows so the starting display looks the way you want it to. because the Windows display changes as you work with it.
The parts of the Windows display:-
Identifies the most important parts of the Windows display. As you can see, the background portion of the screen is called the desktop. Upon this desktop, Windows creates a workspace for each program that is running called an application window. Only the Program Manager is running so there’s only one application window on the desktop.
Within an application window, most programs create their own windows called document windows. These windows always belong to the programs that create them, and they are always displayed inside their program’s application window.
Although the name “document window” makes sense for a program like a word processor that actually creates documents, all windows that are used by application programs are called document windows for example, the application window for the Program Manager contains a document window labeled “Main,” Nearly all windows have title bars across the top.
The title bar of an application window shows the name of the program that owns the window. The title bar of a document window depends on what the window contains. If a document window contains a document like a word processing file or a spreadsheet, the title bar shows the name of the document.
When you work with more than one window at a time, you’ll come to depend on title bars because they identify the various windows on your screen.
Beneath the title bar of an application window, you’ll always find a menu bar. You can see the menu bar for the Program Manager.
The menu bar lets you access program menus so you can issue commands to the program. Usually, you can use the menu bar to help identify an application window because document windows don’t have menu bars.
How to end Windows:-
Before I show you how to end Windows, you know that most Windows users never need to leave the Windows environment. Once you end the application programs you’re using and return to the Program Manager,
It’s safe to turn your computer off with Windows still running. Since you can run most DOS programs from within Windows, you usually don’t have to leave Windows for that purpose either.
But in the unlikely event that you need to run a DOS program without Windows running, you need to know how to end Windows.
To end Windows:-
You just close the Program Manager’s application window. To do that, you can use several different methods. One of them is pressing the F4 key while you hold down the Alt key (Alt+F4).
Later in this chapter, you’ll learn how to end a Windows program by using the mouse. When you end the Program Manager, Windows warns you that it’s about to end and gives you a chance to change your mind.
If any application programs are currently active, Windows also warns you if you’ve made changes that haven’t been saved. Then, you can return to the application program and save your work, or you can choose to abandon the changes and end Windows.
Basic mouse skills for working with Windows:-
Windows was designed to be used with a mouse. That’s why you can perform the Windows functions more easily with a mouse than you can with many a keyboard.
Once you learn the basic mouse actions, you can use the actions to minimize, maximize, and restore windows; to move a window. to change the size of a window, and to scroll through the contents of a window.